local transport

Cities, cities and villages_ issues can solely get “even higher”

Revealed 27/09/2023 | Studying Time minutes

That is the ninth article of our ten-part collection trying on the Welsh Authorities’s progress in delivering its Programme for Authorities (PfG). Right here, we discover the well-being goal to “Make our cities, cities and villages even higher locations during which to stay and work”.

There are 13 particular commitments beneath this Cupboard-wide goal, which the Welsh Authorities has given an replace on in its PfG annual report. There are additionally related Ministerial commitments.

Browse our full #ProgrammeforGovernment collection, printed to this point.

This broad goal encapsulates a variety of particular commitments spanning quite a lot of coverage areas. Decarbonisation of properties, housing provide, homelessness, second properties, vacation lets, pace limits, pavement parking, partnership working and regional democratic accountability, are all captured right here, together with facets of public sector procurement and the necessity for a technique for the timber sector.

So, somewhat than addressing the query of whether or not the general goal is being met, this text focuses on the newest place of a handful of the precise commitments and actions that sit beneath it.

Second properties and vacation lets

The Programme for Authorities (PfG) commits the Welsh Authorities to “Take ahead actions to cap the variety of second properties, deliver extra properties into frequent possession and licence vacation lets”. Accordingly, the Welsh Authorities has legislated to set greater letting standards for self-catering properties to be listed for non-domestic charges. Additionally, since April 2023, native authorities have the discretionary energy to cost greater council tax premiums of as much as 300% on long-term empty dwellings and second properties.

Land Transaction Tax (LTT) is charged on the acquisition of property or land in Wales and sure residential transactions are topic to greater charges of LTT. These embrace buying buy-to-let properties, shopping for a second dwelling or vacation dwelling, shopping for a brand new property whereas attempting to promote an current one, and firms equivalent to social housing suppliers shopping for properties.

The Welsh Income Authority (WRA) has printed LTT statistics at native authority stage, evaluating greater charges transactions as a proportion of all residential transactions in 2022-23 with the earlier 12 months. The native authorities with the most important proportion modifications have been:

Gwynedd (lower of 5 proportion factors);

Pembrokeshire and Ceredigion (every with a lower of 4 proportion factors), and inside that, the Pembrokeshire Coast Nationwide Park space which had a lower of 12 proportion factors; and

Isle of Anglesey (lower of three proportion factors).

The WRA’s evaluation concludes:

There was decreased greater charges exercise in some areas of Wales, notably in among the western or northern native authorities. Doable causes for this might embrace the affect of wider financial circumstances upon transactions or second properties insurance policies starting to affect upon transactions.

The WRA has lately launched a brand new query on the LTT return asking concerning the intent behind residential purchases on the greater charges of tax, together with second dwelling purchases and buy-to-let properties. This may increasingly doubtlessly permit the affect of the Welsh Authorities’s insurance policies on second properties to be tracked extra precisely sooner or later.

Licensing of vacation lets The Welsh Authorities consulted final winter on a statutory licensing scheme for all customer lodging suppliers in Wales. It printed a abstract of the greater than 1,500 responses in July. The most typical overarching themes recognized within the responses have been: the view that the proposed statutory licensing scheme would create vital administrative and monetary burden;

the suggestion that the customer lodging market is very aggressive and thus already operates effectively; and

basic disagreement with any type of statutory licensing, with out providing any additional explanations for this view. Nevertheless, the Welsh Authorities’s abstract of responses additionally notes: Throughout most questions, the diploma of settlement was constantly cut up between demographics. Massive tourism organisations and native authorities have been extra prone to agree with the proposals, whereas customer lodging suppliers and residents most frequently disagreed. The Welsh Authorities has mentioned: …remaining choices on how the scheme is run shall be taken following full consideration of session responses. It additionally famous, “some considerations have been raised across the administrative and monetary strain the scheme might place on companies and native authorities” and the scheme will have to be “proportionate”.


The Welsh Authorities’s plan to cut back the default pace restrict on restricted roads from 30mph to 20mph is transferring ahead. The change took impact on 17 September this 12 months. Native authorities have been working to implement the coverage, funded by the Welsh Authorities, together with figuring out exceptions which can stay at 30mph.

Whereas 20mph limitsand zones have been broadly used throughout the UK on an advert hoc foundation, Wales is the primary UK nation to make them a default restrict. The Deputy Minister for Local weather Change, Lee Waters, has mentioned the change is integral to attaining the modal shift targets within the Wales Transport Technique and bettering street security. The difficulty has been mentioned once more within the Senedd lately, with the Deputy Minister making a press release on 12 September and a debate being held the next day.

There was vocal opposition to the coverage in some quarters – together with a Senedd petition which attracted about 22,000 signatures. Whereas 53% of respondents to the session held in 2021 opposed the coverage, the Welsh Authorities undertook a survey of public attitudes in 2020 which discovered sturdy help for the plan (81%), notably amongst dad and mom. The Deputy Minister has acknowledged within the media that help, proven by surveys, has declined as introduction of the brand new restrict has approached however he says he expects it to rise as the general public turn out to be accustomed to the change.

The Explanatory Memorandum accompanying the Order altering the pace restrict estimated prices of £32.5m to implement the change. Analysis commissioned by Public Well being Wales estimated it might save Welsh public providers £100m per 12 months.

In distinction, the PfG annual report is silent on progress in proposals to ban pavement parking. These have been delayed following a letter from WLGA leaders to the First Minister which highlighted the “sheer quantity” of transport coverage modifications native authorities are being required to implement. The Welsh Authorities initially deliberate to seek the advice of earlier than introducing laws by the top of 2023. Nevertheless, in April, the Deputy Minister issued a press release saying session can be delayed till subsequent 12 months in response to strain on native authorities.

Decarbonisation of properties

The PfG dedicated to “decarbonise extra properties by means of retrofit, delivering high quality jobs, coaching and innovation utilizing native provide chains”. The Local weather Change, Atmosphere and Infrastructure (CCEI) Committee has taken an energetic curiosity on this space through the Sixth Senedd – taking a look at Welsh Authorities progress in decarbonising Wales’ housing inventory.

While noting good progress throughout the social housing sector, notably by means of the Optimised Retrofit Programme (OHP) and Progressive Housing Programme (IHP) the Committee discovered the Welsh Authorities nonetheless has an “inordinate” quantity of labor to do to help decarbonisation of Wales’ proprietor occupied and personal rented sector properties. The Committee additionally heard that progress in delivering lots of the suggestions from the Welsh Authorities commissioned report from the Decarbonisation of Properties Advisory Group has been sluggish.

The most recent progress report from the Committee on Local weather Change reveals emissions from residential buildings in Wales elevated in 2020, and highlights the necessity for “a reputable technique for decarbonising current owner-occupied and private-rented properties, and a transparent understanding of the dimensions of this problem”. And with vitality costs nonetheless excessive, and estimates suggesting round 45% of Welsh households reside in gasoline poverty, all eyes shall be on the event of the subsequent iteration of the Heat Properties Programme, and the way this may also help deal with the twin problem of gasoline poverty and decarbonisation.

Timber technique

The Deputy Minister for Local weather Change led a ‘deep-dive’ into eradicating obstacles to tree planting in Wales in early 2021 (tree planting charges in Wales have been poor for many years). Suggestions popping out of the deep-dive included a technique to coordinate timber provide and building. In July 2021, he mentioned:

Wales is able to rising prime quality timber and there is a chance to extend the quantity of Welsh wooden utilized in greater worth added areas… The discussions of the deep dive will type a place to begin for the event of a timber industrial technique for Wales.

In March 2023 the CCEI Committee requested the Welsh Authorities why the timber industrial technique had but to return ahead. The Welsh Authorities responded:

A Deep Dive Supply Panel has been established to supervise the supply of the suggestions. Work on the Timber Industrial Technique is underway with the purpose of creating it by the top of 2023.

The Local weather Change Fee’s progress report on decreasing emissions in Wales (June 2023) additionally known as for the timber industrial technique to be printed:

This doc ought to set out an bold goal for elevated use of Welsh-grown timber in building and introduce insurance policies that encourage the usage of timber within the building of buildings in Wales.

The Annex to the PfG Annual Report states that “progress has been made in direction of delivering a timber industrial technique for Wales” however doesn’t give any indication as as to if the technique shall be printed earlier than the top of this 12 months.

Discover the Programme for Authorities, its goals and commitments

Article by Ben Stokes, Andrew Minnis, Chloe Corbyn and Elfyn Henderson, Senedd Analysis, Welsh Parliament

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